Cruise lines have shared the extra precautions they are taking to protect passengers from coronavirus outbreaks around the world.
The Cruise Lines International Association (CLIA), the leading body in the cruise industry, has issued advice for its members on how to ensure that they are protecting passengers.
This includes denying boarding to anyone who, within 14 days prior to embarkation, has come into contact or helped care for anyone suspected or diagnosed as having coronavirus.
Passengers who have travelled from, visited or transited via airports in the likes of South Korea, Iran, China and Italy within 14 days will also be denied boarding.
Other measures being implemented include enhanced pre-boarding screenings (including temperature screenings at embarkation for every person boarding), and illness screenings for passengers who visited specific destinations within the 14-day period.
As well as implementing CLIA's guidelines, a number of cruise lines are also introducing their own extra measures.
We take a look at what some individual cruise lines are doing to help protect their customers.
If you have a cruise booked in the near future and are concerned about coronavirus, a number of cruise lines are letting passengers change or cancel sailings for free .
When you travel, make sure to follow the World Health Organisation's (WHO) advice on how to protect yourself from the virus.
Royal Caribbean has revealed it will deny boarding for anyone who, 15 days prior to boarding, has been around someone suspected with or diagnosed as having coronavirus, while also denying boarding to anyone who has travelled to, from, or through mainland China, Hong Kong, Macau, Iran, South Korea, and Italy.
The cruise line will also be carrying out mandatory, specialised health screenings.
It explained in a statement on its website that the rules would apply to anyone boarding their ships, be that guests or crew.
It added: "We have rigorous medical protocols in place to help passengers and crew members who feel unwell while sailing. Our protocols include professional medical treatment; quarantine of unwell individuals from the general ship population; and intensified ship cleaning, air filtration, and sanitization procedures."
The company confirmed that guests who are denied boarding because of these restrictions will receive full refunds.
P&O Cruises is conducting pre-boarding screenings "for all guests, crew and visitors in all embarkation ports with further medical evaluation if necessary".
It will deny boarding to anyone who has, within 14 days before embarkation, come into close contact with anyone suspected of having or diagnosed with coronavirus.
Ships will be disinfected with "regular stringent cleaning and sanitation protocols", while any guestsor crew who visit the onboard Medical Centre with symptoms of any respiratory illness will be risk assessed for coronavirus, and any action taken as necessary.
The cruise line has also issued advice for its passengers from tips to washing hands, to handy advice such as checking your mobile phone plan to ensure it works at the various destinations, and advice around travel insurance.
Scenic, the group to which Emerald Waterways belongs, has suspended any crew movements "from mainland China, Hong Kong, Macau, South Korea, Iran and and any municipality in Italy subject to lockdown (quarantine) measures by the Italian Government".
The cruise group is denying boarding to anyone who has travelled from/through those same regions within 14 days prior to embarkation.
You can also find out more on Emerald Waterways' coronavirus updates .
MSC Cruises is conducting 'rigorous pre-embarkation illness screening' which includes anyone who has travelled to, from or through mainland China, Hong Kong, Iran, Taiwan, Japan, Vietnam, Macau and Italy.
The cruise line will deny boarding to anyone with signs or symptoms of illness (such as a fever or coughing), or anyone who, within 14 days of embarkation, has had close contact with or cared for someone suspected to have/diagnosed with coronavirus.
Meanwhile, there are extra precautions being taken to keep the ship free from infections, including using thermal cameras throughout the cruise at ports of call, to check guests and crew for fever symptoms.
The cruise line says that there also has been and will continue to be "an elevated deep-sanitation on every ship in our entire fleet".
In a statement on its coronavirus updates page the company added: "There is increased hand-washing for guests and crew, alcohol-based hand-sanitizers across the ship, increased continuous disinfection of public areas – especially frequently touched areas such as handrails, elevator buttons, door handles and reception desks."
The cruise line says that it's 'confident' that "we are doing everything we can to minimise risk of infection to our guests or crew".
The company is contacting all guests before they board to find out if, within the last 14 days prior to the cruise, they have contacted countries considered high risk, or if they are displaying symptoms, in which case they will be denied boarding.
Passengers who can embark will have their temperatures checked, and any who display symptoms will not be permitted on board.
In a statement it explained: "We are also operating these temperature checks at all turn-around ports. If a guest is displaying symptoms at this stage, they will be seen by our on-board Doctor who will assess their symptoms and decide whether the guest is fit to continue to travel."
As for its ships, Fred. Olsen is operating a "raised level of sanitsation across its fleet" as a precautionary measure.
The cruise line has also created a dedicated coronavirus FAQs page for passengers.
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